Langston Hughes? 113th Birthday

African American almanac author, surveyor, naturalist, and farmer. Banneker’s knowledge of astronomy helped him author a commercially successful series of almanacs. Although a fire on the day of Banneker’s funeral destroyed many of his papers and belongings, one of his journals and several of his remaining artifacts are presently available for public viewing. Parks, schools, streets and other tributes have commemorated Banneker throughout the years since he lived. However, many accounts of his life exaggerate or falsely attribute his works. Benjamin Banneker was born on November 9, langston Hughes? 113th Birthday, in Baltimore County, Maryland to Mary Banneky, a free black, and Robert, a freed slave from Guinea.

However, later biographers have contended that Banneker’s mother was the child of Molly Welsh, a white indentured servant, and an African slave named Banneka. Molly may have purchased Banneka to help establish a farm located near what eventually became Ellicott’s Mills, Maryland, west of Baltimore. Patapsco Valley in rural Baltimore County. In 1753 at the age of 22, Banneker completed a wooden clock that struck on the hour. He appears to have modeled his clock from a borrowed pocket watch by carving each piece to scale.

The clock purportedly continued to work until Banneker’s death. After his father died in 1759, Banneker lived with his mother and sisters. In 1768, he signed a Baltimore County petition to move the county seat from Joppa to Baltimore. In 1788, George Ellicott, the son of Andrew Ellicott, loaned Banneker books and equipment to begin a more formal study of astronomy. In 1790, Banneker prepared an ephemeris for 1791, which he hoped would be placed within a published almanac. However, he was unable to find a printer that was willing to publish and distribute the almanac. Biographers have stated that Banneker’s duties on the survey consisted primarily of making astronomical observations at Jones Point in Alexandria, Virginia, to ascertain the location of the starting point for the survey.